Enfield is a large town which stretches along the east bank of the Connecticut River at the Massachusetts border, near the historically important King Island. A large concentration of streets and buildings occurs close to the water, then there is a swath of mostly forested land, and then a dense swath of habitation and development further inland as well. Interstate 91 runs through the center of town, crossing Route 190, which it connects to with a cloverleaf of exit and entrance ramps.
A cluster of shopping centers is found at the north center of the town, creating a large paved area at the heart of Enfield. These include the Elm Plaza Shopping Center, the Suburban Enfield Mall Shopping Center, Brookfield Plaza Shopping Center, and Freshwater-Stateline Plaza. Asnuntuck Community College stands beside these shopping centers and extends the paved area further.
Much of the town is fairly level, or, at most, slightly hilly. The largest slopes are found close to the Connecticut River, though even here the land forms are hardly extreme. East Windsor lies to the immediate south, and is another rapidly growing community.
Enfield boasts a remarkable array of educational institutions. Education begins at one of nine elementary schools, including Enfield Street School, Thomas G. Alcorn School, Prudence Crandall School, Nathan Hale School, Henry Barnard School, Hazardville Memorial School, Harriet Beecher Stowe School, Eli Whitney School, and Edgar H. Parkman School.
John F. Kennedy Middle School is the next step, followed by either Enfield High School or Enrico Fermi High School. Three Catholic parochial schools round out the assortment.
Asnuntuck Community College is the one collegiate-level school present in Enfield, located beside the downtown shopping plazas. The main programs at it are concerned with health care, finance, and insurance.
The Lego company, a manufacturer of plastic toys which can be built into various kinds of buildings, was a major employer in the town until recently, when it began shifting production to Mexico. Gunpowder, carpeting, and a whole line of clothing were formerly made in Enfield, though globalization has gutted all of these industries and left the town heavily dependent on services, retail, and commuting into Springfield for work.
Hallmark Cards still maintains a branch in Enfield, which provides some employment besides the service sectors. There is still a tiny amount of farming going on in the township as well.
The largest population in Enfield is of whites, who account for 89.74% of the residents. African-Americans are the next largest group, with 5.61% of the population, while Asians come in third at 1.34%. The median household income is $64,647, which is on the low side for Connecticut but is at least ten thousand dollars higher than the national average. Unemployment stands at 8%, and the poverty rate is 4% of all inhabitants.
A bit more than half, or 55.8%, of Enfield’s 16,418 households are married couples, and 31% of the households in the town contain children under 18. 37 years is the median age for an Enfield resident.
Location within State
Enfield is located in the north central area of Connecticut, right on the Massachusetts border. The town occupies a large stretch of the east bank of the Connecticut River at the point where it flows over the border. Though it is a portion of Hartford County, Enfield is only four miles from Springfield, Massachusetts, to which it is closely tied economically, while Hartford, twenty miles distant, is far less influential on the town.
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